PDF Abstract Economists, demographers and other social scientists have long debated the relationship between demographic change and economic outcomes. In recent years, general agreement has emerged to the effect that improving economic conditions for individuals generally lead to lower birth rates.
Infant mortality and Life expectancy Per capita income In this section we will look at each of these in more detail a Population Growth Many of the problems associated with underdevelopment in the world are linked to high population growth rates.
For every minute that passes babies are born in the world and people die. This means that in the last minute new people were added to the world's population. When you work out his figure for days, months and years, you will find that an additional quarter of a million people are added to the world's population every day and about 90 million people are added to the world each year.
Unmanaged population growth can lead to disaster for the world. Apart from food shortages, population growth also puts incredible additional pressure on the environment in the form of pollution, deforestation and the use of natural resources like water and coal.
Population growth has been far higher in the developing world than in the developed world, so that countries that are already struggling to look after large percentages of poor people are having a rapid increase in population.
These rates are usually measured as the number per thousand of the population, so if your birth rate is 20 babies per 1 of the population every year, and the death rate is 10 people per 1 of the population every year, then your growth rate is 10 people per 1 That is the same as one per hundred so that we could say there has been a one percent population growth.
Emigration and immigration also have an effect on the population growth rate. The population grows when people move into your country and shrinks when people leave your country. Most of the developed countries or industrialised countries have low growth rates.
Some European countries even have negative growth rates - more people are dying every year than being born and their populations are getting smaller. Countries in the developing world are those with the fastest growing populations. In most developing countries the death rates are falling because of improved medicine and improved hygiene but birth rates remain high.
In these countries a high percentage of the population is below 15 years old. When you have a large percentage of young people and a large group of old people it means that less than half the people fall in the middle group that can work and support the other two groups.
In developed countries, the biggest portion of the population often falls between the ages of 15 and This is the healthier distribution because it means that most of the people are at an age where they are working or are able to look after others.
One of the problems the developing countries are beginning to experience is that old people live longer and longer and in many countries there are now a large group of pensioners who depend on the state for support and are no longer productive in the economy.
This means that the government in those countries have to take responsibility for children as well as old people and that these groups together may be bigger than the economically active groups in the middle sector.
HIV and AIDS is most common among young adults - the people who are usually economically active and who care for children and older people.
At present we have a growing elderly portion of the population, but this is expected to change over the next few decades as AIDS affects life expectancy. Most of the adults who are HIV positive will not reach old age. We have a very youthful population as do most developing countries.
The three important age groups for population structure are: Most older people are economically unproductive and they need more medical care, pensions, hospitals, old age homes and food support.
In developing countries this group is smaller because people die younger. In developed countries this group is increasing fast because of longer life expectancy due to improved health care and life styles.
In some countries in Europe retirement age may be changed in the near future to keep a bigger portion of the population economically active. This is the working group that supports the other two groups.
It is the biggest group in both developed and developing countries but tends to be a bigger percentage of the population in developed countries where birth rates are lower.
Under 15 - children In most societies children are economically unproductive and the majority are still at school.This review is dedicated to understanding the complex relationship between poverty and communicable disease.
We draw upon experience gleaned from working in solidarity with the destitute sick in Haiti, Peru, Rwanda, and elsewhere, as well as from anthropologic and economic theory and evidence. 2 ratio of men’s to women’s poverty rate was ; the rates in were for men and for women, making the ratio (computed from data in U.S.
Bureau of Census ). Discuss the Relationship Between Poverty and Fertility Poverty has been rapidly increasing with the growing population with more than three billion living on less than two dollars day, along with extreme shortages of food and water.
The relationship between population growth and economic development can be measured by looking at the impact of population growth on economic development and vice-versa. The phases of Demographic Transition theory can be considered looking at three different time frames i.e.
before the transition, during the transition and post-transition to. Discuss the Relationship Between Poverty and Fertility Poverty has been rapidly increasing with the growing population with more than three billion living on less than two dollars day, along with extreme shortages of food and water.
Role Of Education In Decreasing Poverty Rate Economics Essay. Print Reference shelter, and it also affects the women’s behavior in fertility decisions and family planning.
The notable thing regarding the education’s significant role in poverty reduction is the direct linear relationship between education and earnings Colclough, Al.