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Masterpieces of Modern Architecture: The Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh It began not with a computer-aided programme or even an architectural drawing board. The first design for the Scottish Parliament was scribbled on a piece of paper one day in The sketch was by the late Enric Miralles a Catalan architect commissioned to create the Parliament for the newly devolved Scottish Executive.
It was elegant in its simplicity and visionary in its outlook.
Miralles had drawn a tree branch and from this raw beginning grew the complex and hugely imaginative structure that exists today.
Miralles combined the requirements of his brief from the Scots and his own vision of how it would evolve. He was asked to design a building of high quality and of civic importance which would be secure but also accessible.
It should promote new ways of working and also good environmental practice. Perhaps above all it was a symbol of Scotland paying tribute to the many achievements of its people but also convey the future aspirations of the nation.
As said by Miralles himself; "The Parliament sits in the land and should reflect the land that it represents" Therefore the symbolism of the design would be organic in nature and almost like a living breathing entity on the Edinburgh environment.
A physical and philosophical relationship would therefore be achieved between the building and the landscape. The intention was also that it would form a "gathering situation" creating a dialogue between the land and its people in a poetic union. Sadly Miralles died in the year and did not live to see the completion and grand opening of the building in Sadly Donald Dewar also died in and never saw the Parliament completed.
The Parliament is a purpose-built campus of various buildings designed in the Deconstructivist style. It is a mixture of visual fragmentation and dislocation of non-rectilinear shapes that offer unpredictability and invite curiosity.
The Parliament was meant to be challenging in its anti-classical attitude and de-institutionalised design. The campus style renders it non-hierarchical whilst providing a degree of openness but also intrigue from the observer.
The fabric of the building is mainly a mixture of granite, steel, oak and glass with origins in the previous work of Miralles. The Utrecht Town Hall in the Netherlands is a prototypical example on a smaller scale incorporating features easily recognisable of the Scottish Parliament.
Also the modernity and non-conformity of the Archery Pavilion designed by the architect for the Barcelona Olympics in contains echoes of the Edinburgh building.
But as much as possible the materials in the Parliament have been extracted from native soil and includes Kemnay Granite and Caithness Stone.
Strong materials and specially shaped designs combine to provide a formidable presence and a blast-proof structure in keeping with the precautions of modern realities. However there are not the endless acres of forest available that Scotland once had and most of the oak has been imported from Europe.
One notable exception is the floor of the Debating Chamber where the wood is reserved exclusively for Scottish oak. The oak branches that adorn the outside of the building are saplings and therefore indicative of the youth and future promise of the Parliament.
This motif explains the strange elliptical shape of the segments of the building with their sharp edges. The terraces are places for members of the public to sit and relax or perhaps even demonstrate. The grass covered areas contain indigenous plants and wildflowers and the grass is kept deliberately rough to blend with the hills and land of Holyrood Park.
Around the grounds of the Parliament are planted various oak, rowan, lime and cherry trees. The buildings representing the leaves house the various rooms within the Parliament which are seemingly separate but combine in a coherent whole as outgrowths of the branch.We will write a custom essay sample on “Dialogue with Trypho” by Justin Martyr specifically for you for only $ $/page.
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Nov 02, · Thanks for watching don't forget to like share and subscribe. Masterpieces of Modern Architecture: The Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh. It began not with a computer-aided programme or even an architectural drawing board.